BUILDING UNITY THROUGH THE PILLAR OF AMAR MA'RUF NAHI MUNKAR ON RASYID RIDHA'S PERSPECTIVE
The creation of a harmonious life requires a set of rules that can unite all elements of society, one of which is by enforcing the commandments of ma'ruf nahi munkar. This study describes the concept of amar ma'ruf nahi munkar based on Rasyid Rida's perspective and its implications as a pillar in building ummah unity. Using a qualitative method with a literature review, the findings of this research show that according to Rasyid Rida, amar ma'ruf nahi munkar is divided into two levels. First, it is inclusive which accompanies the da'wah process for non-Muslims. Second, it is exclusive to fellow Muslims. The classification of the perpetrators of the implementation is divided into two groups: (1) It is intended for scholars and scholars because in its application it requires qualified skills and knowledge to explain the amar ma'ruf nahi munkar and its implementation within the conditions of each individual; (2) It is intended for all elements of society so that everyone can take part according to their respective portions by advising each other. From these findings, it can be concluded that the amar ma'ruf nahi munkar perspective of Rasyid Rida contains the classification and implementation provisions. Each party has the same obligations but has different duties and portions. Amar ma'ruf nahi munkar in the context of social life aims to create unity and prevent the evil that has the potential to cause division, such as treason, lies, hasad, and cheating.
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